Concept development of a natural refuge for Sumatran rhinos was first initiated at the time of the convening of workshops Population and Habitat Viability Analysis or PHVA in 1993 in Dublin and in 1994 at the Taman Safari Indonesia, Bogor. This concept emerged after the Sumatran rhinos breeding program ex – situ in a few zoos in the world is considered failing where as much as 70.6% or 13 of 18 Sumatran rhinos that were caught in the period from 1985 to 1992 died due to gastrointestinal disorders (44 %) and renal failure (11 %). One of the recommendations of the meeting is the result of the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) or the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary was first built in Way Kambas National Park.
The aim of the construction of this natural sanctuary that is managing the Sumatran rhinos population is a little for the sake of research,”insurance”, and awareness while long term objective is to develop a successful breeding program so as to produce a baby rhino offspring to help the species that this critically endangered habitat.
On 7 September 1995 held the signing of an agreement or Memorandum of Onderstanding (MoU) between the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (PHPA) Department of Forestry, the International Rhino Foundation (IRF), and Taman Safari Indonesia (TSI) on In Situ Conservation Program Sumatran rhinos. To manage the daily activities of the implementing organization for asylum is needed, therefore, was established in October 1997 Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary Foundation. Sustainability MoU expires later extended in August 2000. The signing of the MoU was witnessed by an extension of the Minister of Forestry and Plantation.
SRS 1996 began construction in Special Zones Way Kambas National Park, Lampung with an area of 100 ha. In January 1998 SRS received the first Sumatran rhino from Howletts and Port Lympne Zoo, England is captured in the forest Torgamba County in 1985, and the Development of TSI, which was captured in the woods Bengkulu in 1991. The Sumatran rhino is the second part of the rescue program Sumatran rhinos are pressed or “doomed” conducted by the Directorate General of the Ministry of Forestry PHPA Port Lympne Zoo Howlett England in 1985 – 1987 and continued with the PHPA cooperation with the Sumatran Rhino Trust (SRT) of American Association of Zoological Park and Aquarium (AAZPA) years from 1987 to 1992.
1997 SRS received a female Sumatran rhino from Ragunan Zoo is “Dusun”. Dusun is captured female Sumatran rhinoceros on September 9, 1986 in River Dusun, Malaysia later sent to KB Ragunan Jakarta. After over 11 years of inhabiting KB Ragunan, Dusun transferred to SRS and lived there for 3 years. Dusun died on February 7, 2001 after experiencing paralysis of the hind legs and chronic degeneration of the brain including the nerve that causes paralysis due to factors besides aging (senilitas).
In 2005, SRS received 2 female Sumatran rhinos results rescue action arising out of its habitat, namely the Queen and Rosa. Queen come from the Way Kambas National Park and Rosa comes from the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park.
In 2007, SRS received the arrival of a male Sumatran rhino calf “Andalas” from the Los Angeles Zoo, USA. Andalas was born on September 13, 2001 in Cincinnati Zoo, USA and is a subsidiary rhino marriages between female Sumatran rhinoceros ” Emi ” male and Sumatran rhinos” wormwood”.