Artificial Insemination (AI) is a deliberate injection of spermatozoa into oviduct for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through fertilisation by means of other than copulation. Artificial insemination is a common practice in the breeding of cattles to increase the number of animals like cows, sheeps, and etc. For rhinos, AI is a relatively new reproduction technic – this technic was first implemented in Hongaria in 2006 – yet, it has been implemented frequently to rhinos. SRS, through this breeding program, has applied Artificial Insemination method to female rhinos (namely Bina and Rosa) and will probably apply it to another rhino (namely Ratu). As already known, Bina and Rosa haven’t bred yet during their staying in SRS.
Andalas semen collection
Male Sumatran Rhino, Andalas, has been proven to be productive and able to produce good quality of spermatozoa. Within one year, SRS has successfully collected Andalas semen for 80 straws and stored it in nitrogen liquid at SRS Laboratorium.
YABI, in cooperation with Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, WWF, WCS, Aaranyak-India, and Molecular Biology Eijkman Laboratorium, is conducting a monitoring survey of Sumatran Rhino population in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park by collecting sample of rhino excrement using Capture Mark Recaptured (CMR).
Feces samples are used as a source of DNA for analysis in Molecular Biology Eijkman Laboratorium, Jakarta. This program has been executed since Mei 2003. During the program, DNA Survey Team has conducted 4 trips to the central of TNBBS, DNA Survey Team has successfully identified the presence signs of Sumateran Rhino, both the parents and cubs, in 7 different locations and almost at the same time. The signs of existence of Sumatran Rhino in TNBBS show that they have successfully bred.